If the “cold” on the lips made you feel uncomfortable, but you have not experienced some special feelings about it, apart from aesthetic aspects, such a problem when you’re expecting a baby makes you worry. Is herpes dangerous during pregnancy?
Herpetic infection refers to TORCH-infections, i.e. diseases that can be transmitted in utero from mother to child and cause a variety of birth defects.
There are several types of herpes. Conventionally, they are divided into two types: Type 1 – herpes on the lips, Type 2 – genital herpes. Previously, such a division corresponds to the localization of these types of herpes, but today biological zones change, and it is more often observed in the area of the labia the second, and the first type of herpes.
WHEN THE HERPES IS DANGEROUS FOR THE UNBORN CHILD
If herpetic eruptions have appeared before pregnancy, you have developed an immunity that protects a child: blood has necessary antibodies. If a primary infection had already happened during pregnancy, in that case, there is the likelihood that the virus will penetrate through the placenta to the baby. However, if the infection occurred in the first trimester of pregnancy the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth significantly increases. In other cases, infection in the third trimester of pregnancy can cause problems with central nervous system, congenital brain defects, impaired vision, hearing and other physical disabilities.
If during pregnancy a genital form of herpes intensifies, the delivery will be carried out by Caesarean section to avoid the risk of infecting the baby during passage through an infected birth canal. Only in the case when it is possible to neutralize the virus with medicines, a natural delivery may be accepted.
TREATMENT OF HERPES DURING PREGNANCY
How to get rid of herpes? Not all of antiviral drugs can be used during pregnancy, so the treatment has to be appointed by a doctor. Panavir (used both externally and internally) antiherpetic acyclovir ointment (lesions smeared with pockets for 5 times a day for a week), oxolinic ointment, alpizarin ointment, tebrofen ointment, tetracycline or erythromycin ointments are often used to treat herpes.
It is also recommended to lubricate the herpes rash with interferon solution or vitamin E, which promotes rapid healing of wounds, and is perfectly safe during pregnancy.
If the immune deficiency is diagnosed, after the medical treatment it is needed to strengthen the immune system. For these reasons vitamins, and in some cases immunoglobulin (introduced via a dropper) are assigned. Immunoglobulin treatment can be carried out only after 16-17 weeks of pregnancy, since there is no information how the organism can react to it before this period.